Zinc is a very important trace element for children. Responds to, among others for the right level of immunity. A balanced diet is able to provide the right amount of zinc in our body. So you don’t have to implement it? And what about vitamin C for children?
Zinc for children – an important ingredient for the body
Zinc is an important element without which the body’s functioning is seriously disturbed. It is known for a long time that the right level of vitamins, minerals, micro- and macroelements is extremely important, not only for adults, but above all for children. Without the right amount of these ingredients, it’s impossible for your child to grow properly. Zinc is an ingredient that plays an important role in many metabolic processes occurring in the human body.
What else is zinc responsible for ?
- it is indicated that zinc is an extremely important element in preventing frequent infections in children
- is a factor affecting normal sexual development – necessary for the production of male reproductive cells, but also affects the regulation of the menstrual cycle , which is important in girls in puberty
- its properties also improve concentration and memory, which is extremely important for schoolchildren.
Products rich in zinc
Zinc is an element that we can easily obtain using a proper, balanced diet. The daily requirement for this ingredient in children is:
- up to about three years of age – 3 mg
- from 4-9 years – 5 mg
- in children from 10 years – 8 mg
Remember that these standards should not be exceeded, because an excess of zinc can also cause unwanted reactions.
A rich source of zinc in the diet are:
- fish and fruits of the sea
- meat and its preparations
- whole grains
- pumpkin seeds
That is why it is so important that fish and meat are included in the diet of children and young people. During the period of development, the body needs constant replenishment of varied nutrient reserves, so introducing restrictive diets at this stage of life is inadvisable. People who prefer a vegan diet are particularly at risk of zinc deficiency in their diet, which is why they must constantly control the amount of this element from sources other than animal products.
Zinc for children – supplements
Zinc is necessary for the proper functioning of the immune system . If our child often catches infections, complains of fatigue, accompanied by a lack of appetite , has poor immunity, this may be a sign that his body has too low zinc levels. To check this you should go to a pediatrician who will first order a blood (morphology) and urine test. The results of the research can effectively show if we are actually dealing with insufficient zinc in the child’s body.
If the deficiency is small, then your doctor may recommend a diet rich in zinc-containing products. In the event of a significant decrease in the level of the element, periodic supplementation with zinc preparations may be necessary . Unfortunately, however, it is poorly absorbed (it is best absorbed the one of products of animal origin). It is estimated that the body accepts only 20% of the supplied element.
We have many preparations containing zinc on the market. Some of them are available without a prescription, but it’s always worth consulting a doctor and not making your own decision to start zinc supplementation, especially in children.
When choosing a zinc supplement, it is worth paying attention to the fact that the element it contains has a form easily absorbed by the body. In addition, sustained-release preparations are a good option.
Will zinc help protect us from viruses?
Recently, due to numerous recommendations – how to proceed during the epidemic, information has appeared about zinc lozenges that are supposed to stop viruses from multiplying in the throat and nose. As we can read on the government platform patient.gov.pl , this is not true information.
Vitamins for children. What vitamins should I give my child?
Vitamins for children are available almost everywhere: in pharmacies, drugstores and accessories stores for children. For this reason, we often wonder which of them will be suitable, what must we pay attention to when choosing and whether it is necessary to use them?
Vitamins for newborns
Already in the first days of the child’s life, parents learn that vitamin D3 supplementation will be necessary for the proper development of the newborn . Why? Because this vitamin, together with calcium , is responsible for the proper formation and functioning of the skeletal system. In our climatic conditions, the body is unable to produce enough vitamin D3 on its own, and the demand for young children is even greater. Newborns are usually recommended by the pediatrician for 400 units of vitamin D3 daily. This dose may change over time. However, this is decided by the doctor based on the tests performed.
It is also important to give the newborn vitamin K right after birth. It is responsible for blood clotting, so it is important that the child receives the correct dose.
Vitamins for children. Which are necessary?
Remember that the best source of vitamins for children will be a proper, balanced diet. It’s not just about fruit and vegetables. The diet can also include:
- meat and fish
- eggs and dairy products
- whole grains
It is worth giving good mineral water to drink, which will supplement the need for magnesium, potassium and calcium. If, despite this, the child suffers from vitamin deficiencies, then in consultation with the pediatrician you can think about artificial supplementation.
Why is vitamin C important?
Vitamin C is, in other words, ascorbic acid, which should be provided with the diet or in the form of supplements. It is a substance that the body does not produce itself. It is widely debated on its importance for the proper functioning of the immune system. However, we strongly emphasize that there is no evidence that administration of vitamin C during an ongoing infection would be able to accelerate its termination.
Prophylactic use of vitamin C can strengthen our body and mobilize it to better defend against pathogenic microorganisms. Research is also being done into the anti-cancer properties of ascorbic acid.
Vitamin C for children
Vitamin C for children is one of the most popular supplements, taken mainly in the winter. However, it is increasingly recommended to use a diet rich in this vitamin instead of supplementing it. It has a very beneficial effect on the developing organism. In addition to strengthening immunity, it can also significantly reduce fatigue, as well as support the production of collagen, which has an important role in building the walls of blood vessels.
In addition, vitamin C has a positive effect on bones, cartilage, as well as gums and teeth of children. Few people are aware that the presence of vitamin C also improves the absorption of iron , which is especially important for small anemics.
Where to look for vitamin C and how to give it to children? We deliver the most ascorbic acid by reaching for black, red currants, lemons, oranges and strawberries. The most vegetables found in cauliflower, cabbage, peppers and … potatoes. It is best to eat these products raw, because heat treatment promotes the loss of ascorbic acid. Vitamin C is well absorbed with iron-rich products, so it’s good to combine e.g. oranges with nuts.
Should children take dietary supplements?
Children who eat well are not usually exposed to nutrient deficiencies . Together with food, they receive enough vitamins and minerals . However, if a child is very picky and eats only a few selected products and dishes, there is a high probability that he is lacking important nutrients. Toddlers who are reluctant to play outside on sunny days may be deficient in vitamin D. On the other hand, children whose menu is poor in fatty fish, pumpkin seeds, soybeans and walnuts are exposed to deficits in omega-3 fatty acids. Then you should think about changing your eating habits and consider using dietary supplements.
1. Are dietary supplements safe for children?
Dietary supplements designed for children are safe for the youngest, but only when taken as directed. Set doses should not be exceeded in the hope that the agent will work faster or be more effective. The best option is to choose products that do not have high concentrations of individual nutrients. Some substances, for example iron , vitamins A and D, can be toxic when taken in large quantities. Therefore, adult dietary supplements should not be given to children. If you plan to buy dietary supplements for your child, keep a sense of reason to the promises of manufacturers. Don’t expect vitamin tabletsthey will improve your child’s immunity or brain function. Such statements are almost always unconfirmed. Also, don’t try to treat your baby’s ailments with dietary supplements. If something is wrong with your child, go to the doctor with him.
2. Food products enriched with nutrients
Food products to which vitamins and minerals have been added are becoming increasingly popular. Vitamin D is usually added to milk, while in the case of breakfast cereals, which is one of children’s favorite products, the list of bonuses is usually long. Flakes are enriched with vitamins and minerals, among others. In bread, you can find additives in the form of iron and B vitamins. In turn, orange juice also has B vitamins and calcium . It is worth reaching for this type of products, but you should not go overboard and give your child only food enriched with various substances. An ordinary healthy diet is enough for a child’s body to function well and develop properly.
Dietary supplements for children consumed in the quantities indicated on the packaging not only do not harm, but can also help. However, they should not be used as a substitute for a healthy diet. It is much more beneficial for a child to eat properly and obtain nutrients from natural products.