Below are tips on how to monitor the development of a child aged 6 to 12 months, especially in terms of the possibility of autism spectrum disorder. Each small person develops differently and the dynamics of development must be treated individually for each child. However, if you do not observe the child’s specific behavior in the age range we describe, you should begin to pay more attention to these skills and stimulate their development. Remember that if you are worried about your child’s development, ALWAYS consult a specialist.
- The child makes cheers (“screams” of joy) and laughs.
- He is happy to have fun, he can express a desire to continue it by making sounds, waving his hands or whining when the attractive fun has ended,
- It happens that a child expresses his or her preferences by whining, crying or wanting to hug to guardians.
- The child can already distinguish the caressing and harsh tone of the voice, a gentle and angry expression on his face, and in 11 months you can see how he responds to the message “not allowed” – he should react by stopping activity, delicate immobility, concern, as a rule, look at the person issuing the ban , but after a short while, the desire to learn the subject will be stronger and the child will return to his previous activity.
- The child begins to show affection, interest and attachment for family members and guardians. He is smiling more at famous people. He observes strangers for longer, e.g. with surprise, curiosity or fear.
- A child from about 8 months of age may feel natural anxiety when parting with his mother (separation anxiety), he ceases to be indifferent to him, whether his mother is nearby or not, now he looks for her more than before, and when he moves away, he cries, grumbles or follows her;
- At the age of 8 months, he maintains a definite distance from strangers, he can cry when trying to make contact, but when he gets used to it – he laughs, plays simple games and can even show off his skills,
- The child begins to have a greater awareness of himself as an independent individual. The increasing motor skills mean that the child begins to explore the world independently, willingly and freely explores the environment.
- He actively begins to participate in simple treatments around himself such as: dressing, washing, eating.
What can you do
- Stay with the child in a pleasant relationship, repeat with him different forms of play that make him laugh and satisfied, use a short “pause”, that is, during a successful game, stop your activity for a moment, and come back to it as soon as the child through issuing sound, making eye contact “asks” to continue;
- Often, offer your child fun in a-ku-ku and its various variants, the child learns in this way that when he loses sight of him, in a moment he will appear again.
- Allow your child to have different forms of messages through behavior, including crying, this is one of the few ways that he can communicate to you something that is important to him. You can try to apply tearful behavior and immediately direct the child’s attention to the preferred subject or activity
- Encourage the child to point his finger, nod, respond to your suggestions – these are the first possible forms of communication with the child and establishing an active relationship with him before he begins to speak intelligently.
- If you do not want your child to do something, speak prohibitions firmly and expressively, but do not use them too often. Don’t expect your child to stop trying to do what interests them. It is better to give the child a different item and immediately direct his attention to the activity that is interesting to him.
- Do not expose the child to stress when it needs time to get used to the environment or new people – ensure its safety and stability, each child will adapt to new people and places at a different pace, it is not worth accelerating this time assuming that the child “should already “Cry less or get upset.
DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATION
Behavior of the child (7-12 months old):
- A very important skill is sharing the field of attention (following what the adult is looking at) and looking for confirmation in the adult. This skill is important for the development of communication and relationships in a child, and appears around the age of 9 months.
- Between 9 and 14 months of age the child should start pointing his finger at the items he wants to get.
- About 12 months can use gesture to ask for help, e.g. pulling an object towards an adult.
- Gaworzy pronouncing a number of different syllables,
- Conducts “dialogue” with adults imitating the expression of simple syllables.
- Begins to pronounce the first two-syllable words, e.g. “ma-ma”, “baby”
- It imitates various sounds, e.g., clicking, coughing, animal sounds.
- He turns away called by name;
- Responds to some known words such as “papu”, “am-am”, etc.
- Performs single gestures such as “bye-bye”, “bravo”, etc.
- Mimics the gestures of, for example, bye-bye, mow-mow and simple actions, e.g. putting blocks in a box, mixing with a spoon.
- At the age of about 10 months, he shows an understanding of simple commands (“open mouth”, “sit down”, “give a bear”).
- He can refuse by shaking his head or saying “no”, “ne”
- He understands the command “give” (gives the item on the command supported by a gesture)
- Repeats behavior that makes others laugh, e.g. minor mimic movements such as wrinkling of the nose, squinting, etc.
What can you do
- Check how your child pays attention to your voice and calls him by name. Call the name of the child sitting in front of him, see if he raises his head, interrupts the action being performed, looks at you. Check the same when sitting behind or next to the child.
- You can teach a child by showing him or her various objects or pictures with your index finger – observe if the child is then looking at the object or picture. You can help your child see what he is looking at because he may be mistaken and will look at the end of your finger instead of the object.
- Note if the child shares what he sees with you. (The child looks at you and checks whether you see the same thing as it). This complicated activity is a very important part of contact. When playing with a child, place an interesting toy or object and yourself in a triangle, i.e. so that the child, you and the object are in sight. Model the showing gesture with making eye contact.
- Offer your child fun using animal books, finger puppets, mascots – speak to your child with your voice, but sometimes change your voice and pretend to imitate animal and object sounds.
- Enrich your own messages with gestures, e.g. by saying “bye” make the “bye” gesture, by saying “applause” clap your hands, by saying “no” show it by gesture; every time make sure your child pays attention to you and the gesture you show.
Behavior of the child (7-12 months old)
- At the age of 7 months, he begins to use his fingers in a variety of ways: he makes a “poking” movement with his fingers, picks up objects, begins to use tweezers (he grips the object with his thumb and forefinger);
- An 8-month-old child manipulates objects – turns, throws, looks, knocks, and looks around manipulating
- From the 7th month, a child may be interested in playing “a ku-ku”, “kosi-kosi”, “brewed magpie” and will be happy to come back to them, or imitate them.
- He holds one object in his hands – knocks them on himself or on other planes.
- He can take his hat off – wave it and throw it.
- It mimics simple actions, e.g. mixing with a spoon in a cup
- Mimics drawing at the level of basgrott
- After the demonstration, he can put the element in the appropriate hole of the puzzle or sorter.
What can you do
- For a child, the most important thing is still relational play and fun to develop senses and movement. He will gladly accept fries, fikołki, ticklish, masseuses.
- Have fun with your child by demonstrating the use of various playable objects – toys, but also ordinary everyday objects, e.g. comb, spoon, cup, sponge, handkerchief, etc.
- Let the child play alone – the child sets the time and way of play individually, but stay nearby, because the child should not be left unattended.
- Carefully observe how your child invites you to play – he can look, he can reach out his hands, he can signal in a voice that he wants to continue a pleasant activity.
- Reward your child with a smile and shared cheers when they imitate actions, gestures or words.
Movement development in the second half of life is very dynamic, it is worth following the child’s progress and comparing it with developmental norms. Reach even for the child’s health book. If you are worried about physical development, contact a physiotherapist for consultation.
Just before the first birthday, the child usually:
- She crawls efficiently
- He is more and more often in a standing position, sometimes he stands alone without holding himself,
- He can bend or crouch, supporting himself in order to reach for an object,
- It walks supported by both hands or pushing in front of you, e.g. a pram,
- In a sitting position, he moves around his own axis of the body, looks around,
- He can open drawers and cardboard boxes and empty their contents.
What can you do
Encourage your child to be physically active, especially to crawling, is a very important skill, look more carefully at the crawling method – is it crawling symmetrically or is it able to stay on its hands? If something raises your anxiety, consult a physiotherapist, sometimes small but regular exercises that will help your child move in a developmental way.